Indonesia has 129 active volcanoes | Majlis Wakil Cabang Nahdlatul Ulama Jepara Kota

Indonesia has 129 active volcanoes

Indonesia's position is seen in geographical, topographical and demographic aspects is very potential to pose a disaster threat. Indones...

Indonesia's position is seen in geographical, topographical and demographic aspects is very potential to pose a disaster threat. Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, 17,508 islands. Indonesia's position at the meeting of three active tectonic plates of the world: the Indo-Australian, Eurasian and Pacific plate causes Indonesia to be prone to earthquakes and tsunamis.

In addition, Indonesia has 129 active volcanoes and is located in an area called the ring of fire that stretches from the tip of the island of Sumatra to Papua which has the potential to cause volcanic eruptions (such as hot clouds or wedus trash and lava floods).

While topographically Indonesia consists of hilly areas, mountain slopes, slopes and coastal plains. As a country on the equator Indonesia has a tropical climate that allows the arrival of high rainfall so that it can cause threats of danger of banjir bandang, landslides and even vice versa drought threat. Not only natural disasters as threats, but also non-natural disasters also often struck like a fire Forests and land, social conflicts, and technological failures.

The above empirical evidence further convinces us that no region in Indonesia is completely free from the threat of disaster. Because it makes sense if Indonesia is declared as a disaster-prone country or supermarket disaster because a wide range of disasters can at any time come on the earth Indonesia we love. Therefore, if we are not ready-alert early or try to live harmony with disaster, then automatically this situation will add to the misery of life and even threaten property and soul.
Scientifically, the magnitude of material losses and the number of casualties that exist, in addition to geographical factors are also generally caused by other factors. First, the magnitude of the intensity of the disaster that occurred even the kind also vary. Secondly, the increasingly crowded population of Indonesia due to the unrestrained population growth. Third, the vulnerability of physical environment and social environment (culture). This is greatly influenced as changes in ecological setting and lifestyle of the community or life style. And fourth, the lack of understanding of most people in preparing for disaster threats. Culture living harmony with disaster has not been created.

In the last few decades the climate change phenomenon (claims change) is one of the serious threats to human survival. Indonesia is a country that can be said to be vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Some sectors of livelihoods become disrupted as a result of our inability to adapt to such conditions, such as crop failure cases due to drought in farming communities and the threat of large waves for fishermen who can not go to sea, so that the main livelihoods that support the family life can be disrupted. Due to more severe the sinking of several small islands and the increasingly eroded coastal lips due to abrasion. This phenomenon will continue if the impacts of climate change are not immediately anticipated properly and continuously.

It is clear that the impacts of climate change are not only felt by coastal populations with rising sea water (rob) and coastal abrasion, but can also affect the land area directly related to the growing season, which certainly affects the decline in food production, drought Or a long dry season. While the frequency and intensity of unstable rainfall will obviously have an impact on the potential of landslides, floods and forest fires. Indonesia's rich and fertile natural conditions are no longer bringing blessings it can even be a disaster.

The occurrence of a variety of ecological disasters in Indonesia recently suspected of environmental mismanagement due to excessive exploration of natural resources, either through legal or illegal permits. This exploration practice is a development orientation that only pursues the target of economic growth and not on the sustainability of the nation (sustainable development) and people's welfare. Not many people are really aware that the nature we live in today is actually a deposit of the children and grandchildren that we must be guarded and treated with sustainability. It is also important to note that the groups most vulnerable to the threat of disasters and climate change are economically poor people with low levels of education.

They are generally the ones who live in the village (underdeveloped conditions) and are a community group that is easily found within the NU community. Thus the response to climate change and disaster management must be accompanied by poverty alleviation programs and education to the vulnerable community. Therefore, the national strategy in dealing with climate change also needs to be directed to the development of social engineering so that the vulnerable society can experience planned, systematic change and in all aspects of life so that it is beneficial for human social and ecological sustainability. (mwcnu Jepara)



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Majlis Wakil Cabang Nahdlatul Ulama Jepara Kota: Indonesia has 129 active volcanoes
Indonesia has 129 active volcanoes
Majlis Wakil Cabang Nahdlatul Ulama Jepara Kota
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